Japan is a country in East Asia. It is a group of many islands close to the east coast of Korea, China and Russia. The Pacific Ocean is to the east of Japan and the Sea of Japan is to the west. Most people in Japan live on one of four of the islands. The biggest of these islands, Honshu, has the most people. Honshu is the 7th largest island in the world. Tokyo is the capital of Japan and its biggest city.
The Japanese people call their country “Nihon” or “Nippon”, which means “the origin of the Sun” in Japanese. Japan is a monarchy whose head of state is called the Emperor.
Tokyo ( “Eastern Capital”) is on the island of Honshu. Tokyo is the center of the Japanese government. The Imperial Palace is in Tokyo.
Tokyo is the center of business, trade, and industry of Japan and also of Asia. The city is the center of the largest metropolitan area in the world. It faces Tokyo Bay.
It became the capital city of Japan in the middle of 19th century, when its name changed from “Edo” to “Tokyo”. Before then, Kyoto was the capital of Japan. The Emperor of Japan, or Tenno, lived in Kyoto. Edo was the place where the Tokugawa Shoguns lived. The city grew up under the control of the shoguns. Before then it was a small town on the sea. Edo means “the mouth of a river” in Japanese.
Yokohama is a Japanese city in Kanagawa Prefecture on the island of Honshū.
Yokohama is the capital of Kanagawa Prefecture in the Kantō region. Yokohama is a neighbor city of Tokyo. It has been the second largest city of Japan since the 1980s.
Yokohama has an international trade seaport. It is the largest port in Japan. Many cars and machinery are exported from the port. The downtown area is around the port. Today the area of Yokohama city includes its former suburb areas like Hodogaya or Totsuka.
In Minato Mirai, there are a lot of places for sightseeing. For example, there are amusement parks and shopping malls.
Yokohama was an entrance for foreign cultures for a long time. Still today Yokohama has the largest Chinatown in Japan.
The airports nearest to Yokohama are Tokyo International Airport and Narita International Airport.
Many educational institutes locate in Yokohama including Yokohama National University and Yokohama City University.
Osaka is the capital city of Osaka Prefecture which faces Osaka Bay and the Seto Inland Sea.
Osaka is in the Kansai region. It is the economic and cultural center of the Kansai region.
Since 1980 it had been the second largest city in Japan.
It is a city designated by government ordinance in Japan.
Osaka is surrounded by Hyōgo Prefecture, Kyoto Prefecture, Nara Prefecture, Wakayama Prefecture.
Okinawa is the name for the biggest island in the Ryūkyū Islands, far south of Japan. It is also the common name for Okinawa Prefecture, which controls the Southern Ryūkyū Islands.
The capital of Okinawa is Naha. Naha is on the island with the most people, Okinawa island. Okinawa used to be called Great Lew Chew Island.
Many of Okinawa’s islands are scenic, and there are many beaches there.
The temperature in Okinawa is often warm or hot. Many animals make their home around the Okinawa islands. For example, sea turtles, jellyfish, and many kinds of birds all live around Okinawa.
An average person in Okinawa lives to be older than 90. Some people think that is because Okinawan food is healthy. Fish is very popular, but people also eat sea vegetables and pork. Okinawan food is famous for its originality. Examples of local specialties are Okinawa Soba, Go-ya Champuru, Rafute, and Ji-mami-doufu.
Okinawa’s music is popular all over Japan. A musical instrument called a sanshin is often used.
Okinawa was the site of the last big battle of World War II, the Battle of Okinawa. A lot of Okinawan people died during the battle. Now, the United States has some military bases for soldiers on the different islands of Okinawa. There are some symbols of this battle in Okinawa. The Himeyuri Monument is the most famous symbol.
Kyoto is a city in Japan. This city was the capital of Japan from 794 until 1868.
Kyoto is a major city in the Kansai region of Japan. Its population is 1.5 million people. The city of Kyoto is the capital city of the prefecture of Kyoto. Kyoto is one of the cultural, educational, and technology centers of Japan. In it are many universities including Kyoto University, the second oldest national university of Japan.
Nagasaki is the capital city of Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan. Nagasaki is in the southwest of the island Kyushu. It has been recognized as a core city since 1997.